The Department of Epidemiological Surveillance and Intervention of the Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention (H.C.D.C.P.) is primarily responsible for the epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases in Greece. The Department’s main fields of actions include:
Surveillance of infectious diseases through a number of complementary surveillance systems that include: the mandatory notifiable disease system, the sentinel system and the laboratory surveillance system.
Keeping records of epidemiological data for the diseases of its responsibility, according to the respective legislation, the WHO recommendations and the directives and guidelines of the European Commission, with respect to medical confidentiality and human rights.
Analysis and interpretation of the collected epidemiological data.
Investigation of sporadic cases and outbreaks that could pose a threat for public health, in collaboration with the Health Directorates of the Prefectures and other public health authorities.
Issuing guidelines for the epidemiologic management of sporadic cases or clusters of cases of infectious diseases.
Systematic monitoring of information from international organizations of epidemiological surveillance and public health.
Exchanging information, experience, practices and know-how with European and International networks, for planning and implementing surveillance and public health action, meeting international standards.
There are eight offices operating under the Department of Epidemiological Surveillance and Intervention:
Office of Respiratory Tract infectious Diseases, which is responsible for the surveillance of tuberculosis, legionellosis, influenza, SARS, melioidosis, tularaemia.
Office of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, which is responsible for the surveillance of diphtheria, smallpox, poliomyelitis, meningitis, meningococcal infection, chickenpox (with complications) mumps, rubella, measles, pertussis, tetanus, congenital toxoplasmosis, congenital rubella and congenital syphilis.
Office of Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases, which is responsible for the surveillance of botulism, cholera, acute hepatitis A, cluster of cases of foodborne-waterborne diseases, typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, salmonellosis (non-typhoid-paratyphoid), shigellosis, listeriosis and EHEC infection.
Office of Zoonoses, which is responsible for the surveillance of anthrax, rabies, leptospirosis, vCJD, trichinosis, brucellosis, Q fever and echinococcosis.
Office of Vector-borne Diseases, which is responsible for the surveillance of malaria, infection by west nile virus, leishmaniasis, viral hemorrhagic fevers, that are transmitted by vectors, arboviral encephalitis, plague.
Office of Laboratory-based Epidemiological Surveillance, which is responsible for the coordination and implementation of the Laboratory-based Surveillance System that monitors the laboratory results of clinical specimens taken from patients with infectious diseases.
Office of Surveillance Systems’ Coordination, which is responsible for the coordination of the operating at present surveillance systems in the country.
Office of Epidemiological Data Management, which is responsible for the design and functioning of the Department’s databases.